We Gunners

Sarvatra Izzat - O - Iqbal


All the three defence forces , Formations and units celeberate a day to commemorate its victory in a battle or its raising with a view to make their

All the three defence forces , Formations and units celeberate a day to commemorate its victory in a battle or its raising with a view to make their day of glory and  an important day in history.


ARMY DAY---January 15


January 15 has become an important landmark in the history of the Indian Army because it was on that , at a simple ceremony in Army Headquarters, New Delhi, General Sir Roy Bucher handed over the office of the Commander – in – Chief to General K M Cariappa, who became the first Commander in Chief of the Indian Army

The indianisation of the army has a long history. The Indian National Congress , in 1886, had asked for admission of Indians into higher grades and appointments in the Army.It was Raja Ram Mohan Roy who had argued for the indianisation of the Army. A start was how ever made only in 1901, when the Imperial Cadet College was formed by Lord Curzon to accept only the young ones of “noble birth”. In 1905 , a special King’s Commission was instituted for the Indians of the princely class and in 1909, there were eight such officers holding  Commission in the Indian Armed Forces.The dedication and gallantry o Indian Troops during World War I brought a change in their policy and when the Montague – Chelmsford Report ,in 1917, recommended an increase in association of Indians in all branches of administration, ten seats were reserved in each course at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, for Indians.

Some King’s Commission were also granted to graduates of Cadet College, Indore, in 1918.Gen K M Cariappa was the 39 th Cadet, who received King’s Commission in 1919.

In 1932, the Indian Military Academy was established at Dehradun in accordance with the decisions of the Indian Sandhurst Committee in 1925, and the first Round Table Conference in 1930 – 31.




Indian  Navy celebrates it’s day on 4 December every year to commemorate its victory in the naval battle in Bay of Bangal in 1971.




Indian Air Force celebrated its Anniversary on April 1 every year until 1975 because the first unit  -- a flight of No1 Indian Air Force Squadron  -- was formed at Drigh Road , Karachi on 1 April 1933.More over 1 April was the Annual Day of Royal Air Force.

A study of the events, in the history of Indian Air Force , however, reveals that IAF came into being on 8 October 1932, when the Governor – General in Council, was pleased to establish the Indian Air Force vide Government of India Gazette Notification No 565 of 1932.It was also on this  day  the first batch of Indian Officers, who were trained at the Royal Air Force College, Carnwell, United Kingdom, were granted commission in the Indian Air Force.





The first Indian War of Independence was sparked off at Meerut on 10 May 1857, primarily by native artillery of Bengal Army.  This resulted in total ban on Indian artillery units except mountain artillery batteries till British Government later relented on this order and thus on 15 January 1935, `A’ Field Brigade was formed, which later became 1st Indian Field Regiment. Till recently Gunner’s Day was celebrated on 15 January to mark this occasion.

 Regiment of Artillery in India was raised on 28 September 1827 with the raising of Bombay Artillery which was later renamed as 5 Bombay Mountain Battery.  This day is  now celebrated by the Regiment of Artillery as the “Gunners Day”.





Prior to Independence, collections  for welfare of ex-servicemen were organized on Remembrance Day, 11 November each year, also known as “Poppy Day”. On that day artificial paper poppies were distributed to the public in return for donations. These collections were organized by Ex-servicemen’s Association and were primarily intended for the benefit of the British Ex-servicemen.

After Independence , the Defence Committee of the Cabinet in 1948,decided that suchcollections should be organized for the benefit  of serving soldiers, ex-serviceman and there families. The Defence Minister’s Committee on 29 August 1949 decided that from 1949 onwards, the collection by distributing token and car flags in return for donations, would be observed on 7 December  each year.





It was 4.30 pm, 16 December, 1971. The venue was the Raman Maidan, Dhaka. There were lakhs of people. The occasion was the surrender ceremony of the Pakistan army before the Indian troops. The ceremony was a simple affair; it was organised around a simple table and a couple of chairs. Indian Army Commander, Lt. Gen. Jagjit Singh Aurora and Lt. Gen. A.A.K. Niazi, the Pakistani Commander, were seated while Vice- Admiral N.Krishan (Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Naval Command), Air Marshal H.C. Dewan (an Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Eastern Air Command), Lt. Gen. Sagat Singh, (Troops Commander), Maj. Gen. J.F.R. Jacob (Chief of Staff, Eastern Command) and the Divisional Commanders stood behind them. The instrument of surrender was produced by General Aurora’s staff, Lt. Gen. Niazi signed at first. After this, General Aurora countersigned it. Niazi then handed over his revolver on demand to General Aurora, a symbol of the surrender. Once this was completed, a great cheer went up among the crowd: “Jai Bangla”, “Jai India"

A similar surrender ceremony though of not as the magnitude of Dhaka was held at Khulana where Maj. Gen. Dalbir Singh was in chair and . The surrender of around 93,000 Pakistani soldiers — a unique feat in the world war history and perhaps the greatest honour and privilege to Indian Army whose professionalism and deeds of valour were acknowledged the world over.. It is, however, a great honour to the Indian Army.” The nation in gratitude to its jawans now celebrates it in the form of “Vijay Divas” as an annual event on this day.







In memory of those who laid down their lives so that we are safe today we observe 26 July as Kargil Day.